コックニーのglottal stopとは?

コックニーのglottal stopとは?

ETCマンツーマン英会話名探偵シャーロック・ホームズを現代のイギリスに蘇らせたBBCのテレビドラマ『Sherlock』を観ながら、ETC英会話のトニー先生のレッスンを受けています。

コックニーやトニー先生の生まれ故郷ノースイングランドの特徴でもある、tの発音が抜け落ちるglottal stopについて説明をしていただきました。

今日はこんなダイアログから。

CABBIE: 
Taxi for Sherlock Holmes.
SHERLOCK: 
I didn’t order a taxi.
CABBIE: 
Doesn’t mean you don’t need one.
SHERLOCK: 
You’re the cabbie. The one who stopped outside Northumberland Street. It was you. Not your passenger.
CABBIE: 
See? No one ever thinks about the cabbie. It’s like you’re invisible. Just the back of an ‘ead. Proper advantage for a serial killer.
SHERLOCK: 
Is this a confession?
CABBIE: 
Oh, yeah. I’ll tell you what else… If you call the coppers now, I won’t run. I’ll sit quiet, and they can take me down, I promise.
Transcript

Basically glottal stop is the dropping of “T”, as well as.
So well I came from in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.
We throw away the “H”s.
We throw away the “T”s also.
For instance, “a little bit of butter”.
It will be “liʔ”, “bi”, “a”, “buʔer”.
So all “T”s have gone.
What is in the place is nothing.
So the easiest way to describe how to do it is literally just to take them out, just to pretend, just say the word without them in there.
So “little”, “liʔ”, so you stop “li”, jump over the “T”s in “ʔ”. “li-le”
And “bit”, “bi”, just no ”T”, “bi”.
And we also don’t even say “of” anymore.
It just get the word to the “a”.
“li-le”, “bi”, “a”.
“Of” is just “a”, “a”, like a baby “a”.
“li-le”, “bi”, “a”, “bu-er”.

Q I felt like they are doing “hiccup”.

Yes, yeah, it is almost backwards.
So “li-le”, “bi”, “buʔer”.

It is, that’s how it is.

Q: Maybe to know this kind of, something like patterns is very helpfull.

Yes, Yes, Oh yeah.
Because most, I would say most English people drop the “H”, unless slightly well, well educated or teachers, or something like that.
Most people drop the “H”.
But the only the northern kind of languages start dropping the “T”s a lot.

Q: So glottal stop is not common word.
No, unless if you study English. Yes, like if you asked any person from Yorkshire.
“Are you aware that you constantly glottal stopping?”
They would like, “What? What’s a glo-al stop?”
“That! That is a glottal stop”.

今日のキーワード

glottal stop
声門閉鎖音

describe
(言葉で)説明する.

hiccup
しゃっくり

backwards
逆戻りして

番組情報

■出演
ETCマンツーマン英会話トニー先生(荻窪/富士見ヶ丘)

■聞き手
・青樹洋文

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